Neville Nicholls

Senior Principal Research Scientist and Leader, Climate Forecasting Group

Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre

Melbourne, Australia


I have been researching the nature, predictability, and impacts, of climate variations, especially those affecting Australia, since 1971. My interests in meteorological history are:

1. The meteorological work of William Stanley Jevons

• Nicholls, N., 1998. William Stanley Jevons and the climate of Australia. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 47, 285-293.

2. History of operational climatology, especially climate prediction

• Nicholls, N. and Woodcock, F., 1981. Verfication of an empirical long-range weather forecasting technique. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 107, 973-976.

• Nicholls, N., 1997. Developments in climatology in Australia: 1946-1996. Aust. Met. Mag., 46, 127-135.

• Nicholls, N., 1997. The centennial drought. Windows on Meteorology. Australian perspective, E. Webb (ed.), CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia, pp 118-126 .

• Glantz, M., and Nicholls, N., 2000. Chronology of interest in El Niño. In: Currents of change. Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on climate and society, Glantz, M. (ed.), Cambridge Univ. Press, 229-236.

3. Historical links between health and climate

• Nicholls, N., 1986. A method for predicting Murray Valley Encephalitis in southeast Australia using the Southern Oscillation. Aust. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sci., 64, 587-594

• Nicholls, N., 1991. Teleconnections and Health. In: Teleconnections linking worldwide climate anomalies, M.Glantz, R.Katz, and N.Nicholls (eds). Cambridge Univ. Press, 493-510.

• Nicholls, N., 1997. A healthy climate?. Windows on Meteorology. Australian perspective, E. Webb (ed.), CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia, pp 105-117.

• Diaz, H. F., Kovats, R. S., McMichael, A. J., and Nicholls, N., 2001. Climate and human health linkages on multiple timescales. In: History and Climate: Memories of the Future?, Jones, P. D., Davies, T. D., Ogilvie, A. E. J., and Briffa, K. R. (eds.), Kluwer, 310 pp.

4. Historical methods of climate observation and their impacts on climate history

• Nicholls, N. and R. J. Allan. 1990. Locating early Darwin pressure observations: A marine meteorological detective story. Marine Studies Bulletin, 5, no. 19, p2

• Nicholls, N., R. Tapp, K. Burrows, and D. Richards, 1996. Historical thermometer exposures in Australia. Int. J. Climatology, 16, 705-710.

• Nicholls, N., 2000. An artificial trend in District Average Rainfall in the Snowy Mountains. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 49, 255-258.

• Nicholls, N., 2001. An early dispute about District Average Rainfall. Bulletin, Australian Meteorological & Oceanographic Society, 14, 67.

5. Historical impacts of the El Niño - Southern Oscillation in the Australian region

• Nicholls, N., 1973. The Walker Circulation and Papua New Guinea rainfall. Bureau of Meteorology, Technical Report 6, September 1973, pp 13.

• Nicholls, N., 1985. Impact of the Southern Oscillation on Australian Crops. J. Climatol., 5, 553-560.

• Nicholls, N., 1988. More on early ENSOs: Evidence from Australian documentary sources. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 69, 4-6.

• Nicholls, N., 1989. How old is ENSO? Climatic Change, 14, 111-115.

• Nicholls, N., 1991. Historical ENSO variability in the Australasian region. In El Nino Historical and Paleoclimatic aspects of the Southern Oscillation, H.F.Diaz and V.Markgraf (eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, pp151-173.

I am an editor of the Journal of Climate, and was a Convening Lead Author of the IPCC Second Assessment Report on Climate Change.